Climate change, which refers to the large-scale, long-term shift in the earth’s weather patterns, is caused by increasing levels of greenhouse gases (GHG) in the earth’s atmosphere.
The year 2015 was the warmest on record, with average temperatures reaching about 1°C above those in the pre-industrial era.
Without additional efforts to reduce GHG emissions, temperatures could continue to rise to between 3.7°C and 4.8°C above pre-industrial levels by 2100.
Higher temperatures, rising sea levels, and changes in weather patterns can cause significant damage to homes, businesses, and livelihoods globally.
In recent years, Singapore has seen bouts of high temperatures and very intense thunderstorms that have led to flash floods. Our annual mean temperature rose from 26.6°C in 1972 to 28.3°C in 2015, which was both the warmest year and the second-driest year ever recorded. In early 2014, Singapore also experienced its longest dry spell since records began in 1869.
Phase 1 of the second National Climate Change Study projected that our temperatures could rise by between 1.4°C and 4.6°C by the end of this century (2070 to 2099), while mean sea levels could increase by between 0.25m and 0.76m in the same period.
Climate change is a global challenge that requires a global response.
Although Singapore accounts for only about 0.11 per cent of global emissions, we contribute to international efforts to address climate change under the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Domestically, we are reducing GHG emissions and making use of innovative low-carbon solutions, while enhancing our resilience to the impacts of climate change.